Lawrence T. Taylor, the Defendant, has been indicted on charges of health care fraud and conspiracy to commit health care fraud. The indictment, returned on Wednesday December 12, 2012 in the Southern District of Texas, formally charged the Defendant with the following nine counts:

Count (1) – 18 U.S.C. 371 – Conspiracy to commit health care fraud in violation of 18 U.S.C. 1347; and Conspiracy to violate the Anti-Kickback statute in violation of 42 U.S.C. 1320a-7b(b)(2)(A); and

Counts (2)-(9) – 18 U.S.C. 1347 – Health care fraud.

Like in most federal indictments, the Defendant is charged with a combination of substantive offenses (8 counts of actual health care fraud) and the inchoate offense of conspiracy (for entering into an agreement to commit health care fraud and violate the Anti-Kickback statute).

By charging the Defendant with conspiracy the Government is able to thoroughly describe the background story leading up to the substantive fraud offenses. This is because the “overt acts” of a conspiracy can be as benign as incorporating a business or leasing office space, if those acts were indeed undertaken to further the criminal goal of the conspiracy. In this case the Government lists the Defendant’s formation of 1866ICPAYDAY.COM LLC, his leasing of office space, and his registration of a d/b/a all as overt acts in furtherance of the conspiracy, effectively casting the Defendant’s otherwise normal business activities as criminal acts.

Additionally, by charging the defendant with conspiracy, the Government can also significantly increase the loss amount of the alleged fraud. Unlike specific instances of fraud, a conspiracy can last for many years and encompass all of the acts of a defendant, criminal or otherwise. In essence, it gives the Government broad discretion to use as many of the Defendant’s own actions against him. As such, the Government is able to increase the loss amount to $1,238,823.85 when the 8 specific counts of fraud in the indictment only add up to $24,065.60.

If the Defendant is eventually convicted of an offense, defense counsel should argue for a lesser loss amount at sentencing, especially if some of the Defendant’s claims to Medicare and Medicaid were in fact legitimate. Pushing back against the Government’s asserted loss amount is critically important at sentencing because an increased loss amount correlates directly with an increased sentence according to the U.S. Sentencing Commission’s Guidelines Manual.

Depending on how much of the Defendant’s business activities are eventually proven to be fraudulent, defense counsel may also have the opportunity to argue against the “willfulness” element of the fraud counts. Isolated instances of medically unnecessary claims to Medicare or Medicaid can be cast as legitimate mistakes, instead of criminal acts. To determine whether the Government’s allegations are broader than what is reflected in reality requires defense counsel to thoroughly review the Defendant’s business and patient records. Upon this review, defense counsel will be able to effectively compare the Defendant’s version of the facts against the Government’s allegations.

The author of this blog is Erich Ferrari, an attorney specializing in Federal Criminal Defense matters. If you have any questions please contact him at 202-280-6370 or

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